Wednesday, February 28, 2007

Inflationary Theory... A Warped Speculation

The article that's linked in the title talks about how Alan Guth recently held-up a picture of a monkey to portray Neil Turok and what he thought of his cyclic cosmology. Well, Neil Turok can take heart in knowing that there is theoretical support that indicates that the so-called "evidence for inflationary theory" can just as easily mean something that doesn't require band-aids to big bang theory, like inflationary theory, in order to account for the flatness and horizon problems, but especially the magnetic monopole problem... i.e., observational inconsistencies. When you project backwards to the point that extraordinarily rapid expansion becomes necessary, then the most obvious solution to the problem without inflation is simply that the universe had certain volume when the big bang occurred, and... duh'.

Well, "lo.and.behold" that's exactly where we find - "RE-Heating and Thermalization"... surprise... surprise. Could it be that we were in such a big hurry to get to a **pre-assumed** cosmic singularity that we did not pay attention to what projecting the physics backwards was telling us?... I think so...

The actual mechanism that is behind inflation is not even known, but the theory is designed to make predictions that can be matched to the observational data, so it's success at accomplishing this has enabled inflationary theory to become a part of the standard hot big bang cosmology in spite of its many known flaws, and even though it has only been partially justified. The hypothetical particle or field thought to be responsible for inflation is now called the "inflaton"... uh-huh, prove it.

Since all attempts at grand unification have failed, it is now assumed that inflation will be included in a supersymmetric theory, (like string theory), or maybe a supersymmetric grand unified theory, because they can't handle the most apparent implication for a pre-existing time asymmetry, I guess. The standard interpretation is that thermodynamic arrow of time necessarily requires low entropy initial conditions, which John Page pointed-out would be extremely improbable. Rather than solving this problem, the inflation theory further aggravates it because the reheating or thermalization at the end of the inflation era, necessarily increases entropy, meaning that the initial state of the universe had to be even more orderly than in other Big Bang theories that don't have an inflationary phase.

As I noted a couple of posts ago, Lawrence Krauss pointed out that the amplitude of the quadrupole moment of the CMBR is unexpectedly low, and the other low multipoles are observed to be preferentially aligned with the ecliptic plane. This is a signature of what is known as, "non-Gaussianity", which contradicts the simplest models of inflation, requiring more bandaids and cream.

If the microwave background at the multipoles is correlated with the geometry and direction of motion of the solar system, and the incoherence manifests via octopole and quadrupole components in a closed and bounded universe, then there should be a center of gravity at the center of the visible universe that correlates to the ecliptic.

So maybe we're not exactly the "center" of the universe as Krauss thought, rather we're on a centrally preferred "plane" along with a lot of other similarly evolved galaxies, which, with very high probability, will include similarly developed environments and carbon based life, per this Goldilocks Enigma...

Friday, February 23, 2007

Our Darwinian Universe

Instead of being “designed”, think of the observed anthropic cosmological constraint on the forces of the universe as an *inherent* energy conservation law that enables the universe to periodically “leap/bang” to higher orders of the same basic configuration in order to preserve causality, the arrow of time, and the second law of thermodynamics... indefinitely... ... ...

Then you have a perpetually evolving structure, where all of the so-called "anthropic problems" are resolved without need for apparent absurdities, like inflation or a singularity, when a causally connected universe with volume has a big bang, which also resolves all of the “anthropic problems”, found here, as well as the rest of them:

http://zebu.uoregon.edu/~imamura/209/mar31/anthropic.html

The following is one of many valid examples that can be found on this site of the physics that proves how this mechanism works via asymmetric transitions that occur when we and others like us make matter/antimatter particles from the rarefied mass-energy which comprises this vacuum that science abandoned long-ago:

http://www.lns.cornell.edu/spr/2006-02/msg0073320.html

(this new information makes apparent the cosmological model naturally produces a theory of quantum gravity in a constantly changing background.)

Open challenge

This is the asymmetrical thermodynamic function, as it is referred to by Richard Dawkins as the "anti-chance mechanism" of natural selection:

http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/ASYMTRANS.html

Dawkins said:
Natural selection is an anti-chance process, which gradually builds up complexity, step by tiny step. The end product of this ratcheting process is an eye, or a heart, or a brain - a device whose improbable complexity is utterly baffling until you spot the gentle ramp that leads up to it.

Illustrated:

http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/ASYMILL.html

An Antrhopic Cosmological Principle necessarily defines a Darwinian Universe.

Sunday, February 11, 2007

The Goldilocks Enigma, again...



Circumstellar Habitable Zone - Ecobalance - Ecosphere


The evolving physics that define the vast array of coincidetally balanced, "just-right" conditions that make up the Goldilocks Enigma, ranges dramatically in magnitude and time, from the near-"flat", balanced structuring of the universe, itself, all the way down to our own local self-regulating ecobalance, whose chaotic cycles we directly contribute to enhance over time. These "ecospheres" began unfolding at the moment of the big bang, but it took most of 14 billion years to bring them all to "fruition", so claims that this structure defining physics isn't **necessarily** pointed directly at carbon based life, are, at least *apparently* absurd, and must be justified with something more than "somewhat" established cutting-edge physics speculations.

The relevant anthropic physics isn't strictly geocentric, however, because the same conditions also apply to other galaxy systems that are similarly evolved, time and location-wise, as ours is:

http://zebu.uoregon.edu/~imamura/209/mar31/anthropic.html

The Goldilocks Enigma constrains the parameters to a balance of extremes... so it only applies to the ecosphere of galaxies that formed on the same evolutionary time/location "plane" as we did. Planets orbiting stars in galaxies that are too old or too new, too large or too small, do not fit the "coincidentally balanced" nature as the average of extremes... etc... etc... ect... all the way down to the local ecobalances of the ones that do, and life will only arise on planets in galaxies, (and universes), where ALL of the anthropic coincidences are simultaneously in effect.

The "cosmological principle" derives a "mediocre" a priori statistical distribution of values of observables, but this is not what is observed and is the reason for the anthropic physics that defines the "Goldilocks Enigma", so the combined effect of the cosmological principle with the goldilocks constraint extends to the observed universe to produce a biocentric cosmological principle.

This also addresses the alleged, Fermi "Paradox", as well, since we should not *yet* expect to hear from similarly developed intelligent life, because their radio transmissions have not had time to reach us... *yet*... either.



That's a testable prediction about where and when life will most likely be found elsewhere in the universe.

This paper by A. Feoli, and S. Rampone, further discusses this in context with similarly developed systems, but they fail to take the balance of extremes that defines the "Goldilocks Enigma" into account here, because they apply the mediocrity principle, instead, so their formula and anthropic statement are not quite accurately inserted into their large scale equation, as would be the case if they'd considered the entire set of anthropic balance points that evolve, so their solution and anthropic statement are generalized and overstated, rather than being specific and pointed toward a fine layer of similarly evolved galaxies, stars, and planets:

"Is the Strong Anthropic Principle Too Weak?"
http://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/9812093

We discuss the Carter's formula about the mankind evolution probability following the derivation proposed by Barrow and Tipler. We stress the relation between the existence of billions of galaxies and the evolution of at least one intelligent life, whose living time is not trivial, all over the Universe. We show that the existence probability and the lifetime of a civilization depend not only on the evolutionary critical steps, but also on the number of places where the life can arise. In the light of these results, we propose a stronger version of Anthropic Principle.

When you apply the Goldilocks Enigma, rather than the mediocrity principle, then a much more accurate and testable formula falls-out along with a more accurate statement about a strong biocentric principle, so this "coincidental" Enigma extends to include every similarly evolved galaxy that exists in the same common "layer" of galaxies as we do. The average of extreme opposing runaway tendencies that are common to the anthropic coincidences make many testable predictions about the observed universe.

Like, life, (past or present), will not be found on Mars nor Venus, but it will be found in other galaxy systems along the layer of spacetime that makes-up the goldilocks enigma. Venus suffers from the runaway greenhouse effect, whereas Mars represents the cold stagnate proof of what will happen if extremist environmentalists get things all their way too, so heed the lesson of this anthropic coincidence.